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Title page of Fanshawe, Hawthorne's first novel (Marsh & Capen, 1828)

According to the Bowdoin College Library record for this work, Fanshawe is "the earliest novel written in America, and Hawthorne based his fictional 'Harley College' on Bowdoin. Published anonymously and disavowed by the author, Hawthorne attempted to suppress its distribution (his friend Horatio Bridge burned his copy at Hawthorne's request)."
(courtesy of Nathaniel Hawthorne Collection, Bowdoin College Library, Brunswick, Maine)
citation: http://www.hawthorneinsalem.org/images/image.php?name=MMD2869