|East India Marine Hall, part of the Peabody Essex Museum, 161 Essex St. Mall, Salem|
East India Marine Hall was built in 1824/5 for the East India Marine Society, which was established in 1799. In his book Architecture in Salem, Bryant F. Tolles, Jr. explains that the building was for some time thought to have been the design of Alexander Parris (1780-1849) but that it is now believed to be the work of masterbuilder Thomas Waldron Sumner (1768-1849), an associate of Alexander Parris (75-76). Tolles describes the building as "[a]late Federal-style edifice presaging the Greek Revival" and says thet "it possesses seven byas on its front granite gable end, with rectangular windows on the first floor and a string of tall arched windows on the second" (76). He points out that "[i]n the closed pediment gable above is an unusual round window with a square surround punctuated by radiating keystones" (76). According to Tolles, "[a]dditions to this first structure have failed to compromise its original appearance"(76). The addition in 1974/5 is "a granite-faced structure of the contemporary (Brutalist) school of architecture that is notable for its massiveness, rectilinearity, and broad, quiet wall surfaces, interrupted by deep-shadowed penetrations and plate-glass window apertures"(Tolles, 76).
|(courtesy of the Peabody Essex Museum; special thanks to Bryant F. Tolles, Jr.)||close window|