Hawthorne criticizes the flinty cold-heartedness of the Puritans toward
Quakers and those who would show them normal human affection and regard.
The tears burst forth from his full heart, as he attempted
to reply; but Dorothy at length understood that he had a mother, who, like
the rest of her sect, was a persecuted wanderer. She had been taken from
the prison a short time before, carried into the uninhabited wilderness,
and left to perish there by hunger or wild beasts. This was no uncommon
method of disposing of the Quakers, and they were accustomed to boast,
that the inhabitants of the desert were more hospitable to them than civilized
"Fear not, little boy, you shall not need a mother, and a kind
one," said Dorothy, when she had gathered this information. "Dry your tears,
Ilbrahim, and be my child, as I will be your mother."
The good woman prepared the little bed, from which her own children
had successively been borne to another resting place. Before Ilbrahim would
consent to occupy it, he knelt down, and as Dorothy listened to his simple
and affecting prayer, she marvelled how the parents that had taught it
to him could have been judged worthy of death. When the boy had fallen
asleep, she bent over his pale and spiritual countenance, pressed a kiss
upon his white brow, drew the bedclothes up about his neck, and went away
with a pensive gladness in her heart.
Tobias Pearson was not among the earliest emigrants from the old country.
He had remained in England during the first years of the civil war, in
which he had borne some share as a cornet of dragoons, under Cromwell.
But when the ambitious designs of his leader began to develop themselves,
he quitted the army of the parliament, and sought a refuge from the strife,
which was no longer holy, among the people of his persuasion, in the colony
of Massachusetts. A more worldly consideration had perhaps an influence
in drawing him thither; for New England offered advantages to men of unprosperous
fortunes, as well as to dissatisfied religionists, and Pearson had hitherto
found it difficult to provide for a wife and increasing family. To this
supposed impurity of motive, the more bigoted Puritans were inclined to
impute the removal by death of all the children, for whose earthly good
the father had been over thoughtful. They had left their native country
blooming like roses, and like roses they had perished in a foreign soil.
Those expounders of the ways of Providence, who had thus judged their brother,
and attributed his domestic sorrows to his sin, were not more charitable
when they saw him and Dorothy endeavoring to fill up the void in their
hearts, by the adoption of an infant of the accursed sect. Nor did they
fail to communicate their disapprobation to Tobias; but the latter, in
reply, merely pointed at the little quiet, lovely boy, whose appearance
and deportment were indeed as powerful arguments as could possibly have
been adduced in his own favor. Even his beauty, however, and his winning
manners, sometimes produced an effect ultimately unfavorable; for the bigots,
when the outer surfaces of their iron hearts had been softened and again
grew hard, affirmed that no merely natural cause could have so worked upon