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Images Related to the Persecution of Quakers and Witches in Hawthorne

Images Related to the Persecution of Quakers and Witches in Hawthorne

George Fox, Quaker from England
George Fox, Quaker from England
George Fox launched the Quaker movement in England in 1646; he sailed to American in 1671. Hawthorne depicts Fox in a favorable light in Grandfather's Chair, "Grimshawe," and "A Virtuoso's Collection." In "The Gentle Boy," however, Hawthorne points to the fanaticism of the Quakers. (courtesy of Dr. John L. Idol, Jr.)
Illustration by Sophia Peabody from <I>The Gentle Boy: A Thrice Told Tale</I>, 1839
Illustration by Sophia Peabody from The Gentle Boy: A Thrice Told Tale, 1839
This illustration of Ibrahim by Hawthorne's wife captures Ibrahim's vulnerability and gentleness. (courtesy of Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, MA)
\"The Gentle Boy\"
"The Gentle Boy"
Cover of "The Gentle Boy" published in a separate volume by Weeks & Jordan in Boston and by Wiley & Putnam in New York and London in 1839 and illustrated by Sophia Peabody. (courtesy of Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, MA)
Title Page of \"The Gentle Boy\"
Title Page of "The Gentle Boy"
"The Gentle Boy" was published in a separate volume in 1839 by Weeks, Jordan & Co. in Boston and by Wiley & Putnam in New York and London and illustrated by Sophia Peabody. (courtesy of Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, MA)
The Gentle Boy
The Gentle Boy
Dedication page of "The Gentle Boy" published in 1839 as a separate volume by Weeks & Jordan in Boston and Wiley & Putnam in New York and London and illustrated by Sophia Peabody. (courtesy of Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, MA)
The Massacre of Ann Hutchinson
The Massacre of Ann Hutchinson
Illustration from A Popular History of the United States by William Cullen Bryant. New York, Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1896.  (courtesy of The Boston Public Library.)
Statue of Mary Dyer in front of the Boston State House
Statue of Mary Dyer in front of the Boston State House
 (photography by Dan Popp)
Nicholas Phelps House
Nicholas Phelps House
Nicholas Phelps House. From Sidney Perley's The History of Salem Massachusetts, Vol. II. 
Thomas Maule's Signature
Thomas Maule's Signature
Thomas Maule Autograph. From Sidney Perley's The History of Salem Massachusetts, Vol. II. 
Thomas Maule House
Thomas Maule House
Thomas Maule House. From Sidney Perley's The History of Salem Massachusetts, Vol. II. 
The First Quaker Meeting House
From  chapter XV entitled \"Quaker Persecution\" Sidney Perley's <I>The History of Salem Massachusetts, Vol. II, 1926</I>
The First Quaker Meeting House From chapter XV entitled "Quaker Persecution" Sidney Perley's The History of Salem Massachusetts, Vol. II, 1926
Drawing (pencil sketch)by James Henry Emerton, 1861 (as meeting house stood in Gallows Hill pasture as a woodshed)  (special thanks to Salem Public Library.)
\"Whipping Post,\" Salem
"Whipping Post," Salem
An illustration of a whipping post from Sidney Perley's The History of Salem Massachusetts, 1924. The whipping post in Salem was set up in 1657. The constable was paid two shillings and six pence for each person he whipped. In November of 1667, constables were released from whipping, and the town agreed to hired a whipper.  
An illustration of a pillory from Sidney Perley's <I>The History of Salem Massachusetts</I>, 1924. Salem's pillory was set up in 1642.
An illustration of a pillory from Sidney Perley's The History of Salem Massachusetts, 1924. Salem's pillory was set up in 1642.
 (special thanks to Salem Public Library.)
\"Stocks\"
"Stocks"
An illustration of stocks from Sidney Perley's The History of Salem Massachusetts, 1924. Stocks were in use in Salem from the settlement's earliest days. They were located outside in the most conspicuous places. The use of stocks for public punishment ended in Salem in or before 1805.  
Samuel Shattock Gravestone
Samuel Shattock Gravestone
Charter Street Burial Ground, Salem (courtesy of Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, MA)
Statue of Mary Dyer in front of the Boston State House
Statue of Mary Dyer in front of the Boston State House
 (photography by Dan Popp)
Statue of Mary Dyer in front of the Boston State House
Statue of Mary Dyer in front of the Boston State House
Statue of Mary Dyer in front of Boston State House with inscription: Mary Dyer Quaker Witness for religious freedom Hanged on Boston Common 1660 "My life not availeth me in comparison to the liberty of the truth." 
Samuel Shattock Autograph
Samuel Shattock Autograph
Autograph of Samuel Shattock, Salem. (courtesy of Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, MA)
Massachusetts State House Across from the Boston Common
Massachusetts State House Across from the Boston Common
A statue of Mary Dyer stands in front of the Massachusetts State House in Boston which was erected in 1798. Dyer was a Quaker who fought for religious freedom and was hanged on Boston Common in 1660.  
Rev. William Whitwell, 1781, Marblehead, Massachusetts
Rev. William Whitwell, 1781, Marblehead, Massachusetts
The portrait of Rev. Whitwell of Marblehead was carved by Daniel Hastings of Newton, Massachusetts.  (Photography by Joseph R. Modugno)
William Hathorne Autograph
William Hathorne Autograph
The Autograph of William Hathorne (courtesy of Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, MA)



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