Criticial Commentary Relating to Alienation in "Wakefield"
Lower End of Regent Street as seen from Piccadilly Circus, London, first half of 19th century
(photo in public domain; wikimedia commons)(courtesy of wikipedia)
Excerpt relating to Hawthorne’s "Wakefield" from The Cambridge Introduction to Hawthorne by Leland S. Person (49-50) (courtesy of Cambridge University Press)
In this excerpt, Leland S. Person compares Wakefield to Rip Van Winkle as both men desire to see the effects one’s absence has on those one leaves behind. He also points out the lack of motivation Hawthorne gives to Wakefield for his departure from his home and observes that this is similar to the ambiguity of motivation of Reverend Hooper when he dons his veil in "The Minister’s Black Veil."
Excerpt from Student Companion to Nathaniel Hawthorne by Melissa McFarland Pennell (46-48) (courtesy of Greenwood Press)In this excerpt Melissa McFarland Pennell discusses the mysterious character of Wakefield and the theme of identity and how that identity is shaped by one’s connections to others.
Excerptfrom Hawthorne: A Life by Brenda Wineapple (86-87; 100) (courtesy of Alfred A. Knopf)
In this passage from Wineapple's 2003 biography of Hawthorne, she speaks of Wakefield as alienated artist and also as a kindred spirit of Hawthorne.
Excerpt relating to Hawthorne’s "Wakefield" from "Wakefield’s Second Journey" by Robert F. Weldon in the winter 1977 edition of Studies in Short Fiction, vol. 14, issue 1, (69-74).
In this excerpt Robert F. Weldon discusses Wakefield as the quester experiencing a midlife crisis who, though "he may return home...will always be ‘the Outcast of the Universe’" (74).