Original Documents Related to Hawthorne's Early Life
Note that Robert Manning added to a letter his sister, Priscilla, wrote on August 9, 1816 to their sister, Hawthorne's mother. Robert and Priscilla were in Salem at the time, and Betsey Hathorne and her children were in Raymond, Maine. The note reads: "Dear Sister, Send Nathaniel---he may bring his 2 Suits of Mixt Cloths & no more,
your Loving "
Robert Manning (courtesy of Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, MA)
Poem "Moderate Views" written by Hawthorne on February 13, 1817 In this poem the young Hawthorne expresses his hope that he will live a modest, humble life and his view that the true glories of life are available to all:
With passions unruffled untainted by pride
By reason my life let me square.
The wants of my nature are cheaply supplied
And the rest are but folly and care.
How vainly through infinite trouble and strife
The many their labours employ,
Since all that is truly delightful in life,
Is what all if they please may enjoy. (courtesy of Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, MA)
The Spectator advertisement of employment opportunities for "indigent poets and authors." During August of 1820, Hawthorne published a newspaper called The Spectator. The newspaper's title and the advertisement suggest that the young writer Nathaniel Hawthorne was beginning to realize his place in his society. (courtesy of Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, MA)
Close-up of front page of The Spectator, No. 5 Close-up of front page of The Spectator, No. 5 with article "On Hope." (courtesy of Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, MA)
The Spectator, volume 1, number 1 Volume l,number 1 of The Spectator, a newspaper edited and largely written by Nathaniel Hawthorne in the summer and fall of 1820.
Ad Money Wanted from The Spectator Ad from The Spectator, \"Money Wanted. Good Security will be given for a small sum of money, to be repaid in one month. Apply at this office.\"
Essay by Hawthorne and Poetry by Maria Louisa Hathorne fromThe Spectator, No. 5 Two pages from The Spectator, No. 5, Mon., Sept. 18, 1820
Hawthorne's Reading from 1828-1850, the Salem Athenaeum Charge-Book Cover Page for Transcription and Indentification of Titles Recorded in the Charge-Books of the
Salem Athenaeum By Marion L. Kesselring,
Brown University Library (courtesy of the Salem Athenaeum; special thanks to Eric Eldred)
Athenaeum Charge Book signed by Nathaniel Hawthorne (courtesy of the Salem Athenaeum)